The service characteristics approach, described in this paper, was developed as a tool to explain the political dynamics of particular services. It has been tested and elaborated in discussion with specialists in health, education, water and sanitation, focusing on current debates in each sector.
Latest publications: Research reports and studies
Attacks on civilians have become an all too commonplace occurrence in conflicts, illustrated vividly in crises in Syria and the Central African Republic. Yet at the same time there has been a range of developments in laws and policies focused on improving the protection of civilians (PoC) in armed conflicts since the 1990s. This policy brief examines the gap between the reality for civilians on the ground and PoC norms and policies and suggests areas for further work to help translate rhetoric into reality.
Africans living abroad face some of the highest fees in the world to send money home, costing their families approximately $1.8 billion a year in lost income. This report, funded by Comic Relief and Unbound Philanthropy, analyses global charges on money sent to sub-Saharan Africa, and estimates that reducing charges to global average levels would generate enough income to put 14 million children into school and provide safe water to 21 million people.
Does the opportunity to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation add new momentum to existing efforts to protect the world’s remaining forests? This report reviews climate finance for REDD+ over the period 2010-2012 and the motivations and objectives of the donors.
One in a series of ODI working papers assessing the effectiveness of multilateral climate finance; this paper reviews the Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund.
It is now generally accepted that governance and political economy factors are key to the effective delivery of public goods and services in specific sectors. This brief, the fourth in a series, aims to help bridge the gap between governance and sector specialists by examining the politics and governance of the health sector through a ‘sector characteristics’ lens.
By 2030, urban populations worldwide are expected to grow by 1.4 billion people, with city and town dwellers accounting for 60% of the total world population. In an increasingly urbanised world, it will be crucial to ensure that public services in urban areas deliver for poor people as well as the wider population, and it is now well known that governance factors are important in constraining or enabling effective service delivery. This literature review examines the available knowledge and policy advice on the governance of service delivery in urban areas.
This report brings together some of the key points of discussion from a one-day workshop organised by ODI in January 2014, ‘From policy to programme implementation: Examining the political economy of security and justice reform.' It also draws from responses to an anonymous questionnaire of workshop participants, and on-going thinking in ODI in relation to the political economy of security and justice programming.
Interest in supporting innovative business models intended to achieve social impact is growing among official development agencies. This report looks at public donors' support for social enterprises and similar endeavours, examining their rationale for doing so and how they measure the impact of their support.
One of the most important lessons to emerge in international development over the past two decades is that institutions matter, and that behind institutions lie politics. But making this operational has proven much more difficult: what is needed is a shift not only to think politically but also to work differently.