The Humanitarian Policy Group partnering with the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies in Mogadishu, Somalia, has undertaken research into humanitarian engagement with Al-Shabaab during the 2011 famine.What are the difficulties facing aid agencies seeking to operate in Al-Shabaab controlled areas in Somalia? Drawn from over 80 interviews with former Al-Shabaab officials, aid workers and civilians, this research details Al-Shabaab’s tactics of intimidation, demanding payments and regulation of aid agencies during the 2011 Horn of Africa famine.
Latest publications: Research reports and studies
In order to be prepared to deal effectively with disasters or crises, preparedness measures need to be put in place before a crisis occurs. This ODI report argues that the international community faces a challenge: to continue ‘feeding’ the bifurcated system or to alter and transform it for the better.In order to be prepared to deal effectively with disasters or crises, preparedness measures need to be put in place before a crisis occurs. This ODI report argues that the international community faces a challenge: to continue ‘feeding’ the bifurcated system or to alter and transform it for the better. It recommends the establishment of a new global financing mechanism which can fund activities across the ‘emergency preparedness continuum’.
This edition of Humanitarian Exchange, co-edited with Ben Parker, features the humanitarian crisis created by the conflict in Syria.
Steven A. Zyck
Regional organisations are frequently cited as key emerging actors in the humanitarian sphere. This paper examines the concepts and institutions underlying regional organisations before examining their contributions to three areas: the humanitarian response to refugee crises, conflict management and disaster risk reduction (DRR).
This paper offers a rough guide to emerging consensus and divergence in post-2015 goal areas, based on an analysis of where key proposals so far come together and where they diverge in their approaches to goals and targets.
'The poorest and most vulnerable countries often have the most to lose from climate change, but the least resources to fully represent their interests at international climate change negotiations. This paper reviews the existing evidence base and a range of case studies to understand how effective past and present negotiation support efforts have been, and how to strengthen future negotiation support efforts.'
There is a lot of debate but little agreement on the ‘global partnership’ that could underpin new goals on sustainable development after 2015. As well as development finance, other issues like trade, migration and tax are potentially on the agenda. This paper pulls together estimates of the scale and distribution of the benefits from different possible areas of reform.
After disasters strike, can homes, communities, and institutions be ‘built back better’? Released nearly nine years after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami and in the wake of Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, this report examines the concept of ‘build back better’, seeking to understand the aspirations, implications and resulting impact of the term on recovery and reconstruction in three disaster responses - the Indian Ocean tsunami in Aceh, Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar and the earthquake in Haiti.
This report reviews donor country commitments during the 2010-12 'Fast-Start Finance' period. While donors appear to have surpassed their initial commitments, concrete comparisons are restricted by definitional and operational biases.
Two years ahead of a crucial UN climate-change summit, global fossil fuel subsidies now top half a trillion dollars. This ODI report argues that it is time to 'change the game' on fossil fuel subsidies.