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Shaping policy for development

An overview of Lagoro IDP camp in Kitgum District, northern Uganda, 20 May 2007. Manoocher Deghati/IRIN
Thu, 07/25/2013 - 14:58 -- Anonymous (not verified)
A young boy carries a heavy bag in an IDP camp in Kabul, Afghanistan
A young boy carries a heavy bag in an IDP camp in Kabul, Afghanistan

A young boy carries a heavy bag in an IDP camp in Kabul, Afghanistan June 2008.
License: Creative Commons
Credit: © Manoocher Deghati/IRIN
Source: IRIN

Development, security and transitions in fragile states

1 July 2009 - 28 February 2010
Details

Too often, the development community has treated states affected by fragility and conflict simply as harder cases of development…Yet these situations require looking beyond the analytics of development – to a different framework of building security, legitimacy, governance and economy’ World Bank, President Bob Zoellick.

Of the estimated 1.4 billion people living in extreme poverty, around one quarter are thought to live in ‘so called’ fragile states. These are countries characterised by protracted insecurity, political instability, weak governance and poor economic management. Lacking the state capacity to deliver basic services and meet people’s aspirations, they are often affected by violent conflict.  Fragile states have now become a prominent feature of international development, security and diplomacy landscapes. This concentration of the world’s poorest in fragile states brings with it major challenges of governance, economy and security.  

The drivers of fragility are complex, linked to both international and local factors including economic and social inequalities and exclusion, lack of effective channels for the peaceful expression of people’s demands and expectations, severe economic decline, and competition over natural resources.  At root, conflict and fragility often stem from failures of governance, increasing the risk of violent modes of dispute resolution. But what does this mean in practical terms and what challenges and risks does it present?

ODI hosted a meeting series to explore the causes of fragility and the key challenges to peace building and state building processes. The series brought together a mix of senior researchers, practitioners and policy makers to discuss the opportunities and challenges for engaging in fragile situations in terms of approaches, tools and instruments.

To view the meeting series report, which outlines the key messages and reccomendations that emerged from the series, please click here.

Humanitarian Policy Group
Politics and Governance
Events in this series
Southern Sudanese children in the village of Hiyala, Eastern Equatoria, at the launch of a new 'child survival package'
Southern Sudanese children in the village of Hiyala, Eastern Equatoria, at the launch of a new 'child survival package'

License: Creative Commons
Credit: © Peter Martell/IRIN
Source: IRIN

Early recovery from conflict: the challenges of integrating humanitarian and development frameworks

Event - Public event - 5 November 2009 13:00 - 14:30 (GMT+00)


In this meeting, the sixth of a series on fragile states, the panel, composed of senior Sudan policy makers, discussed the continued challenges of promoting recovery in Southern Sudan, the tensions and trade-offs between different approaches (humanitarian, development, peacebuilding, statebuilding, stabilisation) and how architectural and coordination constraints can realistically be overcome to improve the efforts of international actors in supporting recovery from conflict in Southern Sudan.

Abandoned tank, Somalia
Abandoned tank, Somalia

Fighter sits on abandoned tank left over by war in Somalia
License: Creative Commons
Credit: Carl Montgomery
Source: Flickr

Shaky foundations? Political settlements, peace agreements and the road to stability

Event - Public event - 20 October 2009 12:00 - 13:30 (GMT+00)

this meeting, the fifth of a series on fragile states, the panel, based on experience from Sudan, South Africa, Burundi, Rwanda, Sri Lanka and other contexts, discussed the nature of political settlements, the role of peace negotiations and agreements in forming these settlements and what needs to be done to improve the efforts of international actors in these processes.

Securing the peace: peacekeeping and civilian protection

Event - Public event - 30 September 2009 12:00 - 13:30 (GMT+00)

this meeting, the third of a series on fragile states, the panel discussed the expanded role of peacekeeping missions, the challenges they confront as they increasingly engage in complex settings and what needs to be done to improve future efforts that serve to enhance the protection of civilians and contribute to stability in countries emerging from conflict.

A young boy carries a heavy bag in an IDP camp in Kabul, Afghanistan
A young boy carries a heavy bag in an IDP camp in Kabul, Afghanistan

A young boy carries a heavy bag in an IDP camp in Kabul, Afghanistan June 2008.
License: Creative Commons
Credit: © Manoocher Deghati/IRIN
Source: IRIN

Fragile states: The new paradigm? Understanding state fragility in the 21st century

Event - Public event - 1 July 2009 11:30 - 13:00 (GMT+00)

This meeting, the first of a series on fragile states, set the scene for the series by providing an overview of current debates on state fragility, emerging policy responses and operational priorities.